Cognitive changes can be one of the earliest manifestations of demyelination associated with MS and will affect between 40-70% of people. Memory problems, especially short term memory, are the most common.
MRI studies have demonstrated a clear relationship between MS lesions and cognitive problems.
Research has also shown that MS can cause a reduction in brain size (or atrophy). This atrophy is closely linked to the presence of cognitive difficulties and may be a more likely cause of cognitive problems than brain lesions.
Key Healthcare Professionals
- Family physician
- MS nurse
- Occupational therapist speech/language pathologist